The Minute Men and Their World. The army was fully integrated with nearly 6,600 people of color serving, many earning freedom from enslavement. (LogOut/ The British detected the movement and sent the schooner H.M.S. The war saw the use of militia, minutemen, and Continental forces, but ultimately it was the Continental soldiers that would secure victory and have a lasting impact on our modern military organization. She was General Gages wife and supported the patriots work more than she did her husbands. The efforts of German born Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben are well known for setting up a standard training program for the Continental Army during the winter of 1778 at Valley Forge. The Minuteman Civil Defense Corps was a militant anti-Mexican immigrants volunteer group formed in 2005. Joseph Read (March 6, 1732 September 22, 1801) was a soldier and a Colonel in the American Revolutionary War. In 1774, when Massachusetts towns began forming militia companies, Prescott was made a colonel commanding the Pepperell company. The Convention required that all current militia officers resign; the motive being that ranking officers in the militia could be considered strong Loyalists. Throughought May, the British had been receiving reinforcements, until they reached a strength of about 6,000 men. The outnumbered regulars fell back from theminutemenafter apitched battlein open territory. Upon returning to Lexington, Smiths expedition was rescued by reinforcements underBrigadier GeneralHugh Percy. The town then adopted a resolution that we will at all times endeavor to maintain our liberty and priviledges both civil and sacred, even at the risque of our lives and fortunes, etc.. A more accurate representation of the Battle of Lexington by Amos Doolittle in 1775. I think you have the wrong house. Ward Swifts company of militia, which marched on the Lexington Alarm, Israel HAZENsson-in-lawNehemiah Jewett (1737 in Ipswich, Mass 1815 Ipswich, Mass.). To the left of the tavern is the Memorial to the Lexington Minutemen of 1775, erected in 1949, and containing the names of the Minutemen who died on the Green in the first battle of the Revolutionary War. It seems everyone interviewed after the events of April 19. In New Hampshire, minutemen took over Fort William and Mary and confiscated weapons and cannons there. He volunteered as a private against the wishes of General Putnam and Colonel William Prescott, who requested that he serve as their commander. The retreat of much of the colonial forces from the peninsula was made possible in part by the controlled retreat of the forces along the rail fence, led by John Stark and Thomas Knowlton, which prevented the encirclement of the hill. British sentries were also aware of the activity, but most apparently did not think it cause for alarm. The "Minuteman III" LGM-30G remains in service. 1778 In Capt. ; pay roll for Feb., 1778, dated Guelph, Pa.; also, pay rolls for June, July and Aug., 1778, dated Providence; also, pay roll for Sept., 1778, dated Pawtuxet; also, pay roll for Nov., 1778; also, pay rolls for Feb.-April, 1779, dated Pawtuxet; reported on command at Newtown in April; enlistment, 3 years. Warren was appointed a Major General by the Provincial Congress on June 14, 1775. Next he was an ensign in Capt. Not long after Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescottthe sons of libertysounded the alarm, the minutemen of Middlesex prepared for battle. The Minutemen always kept in touch with the political situation in Boston and their own towns. Minute Men and militias rushed to confront them early on April 19. 20 days service at Winter Hill. Im also including our relatives who enlisted in 1775. In 1777 he was first lieutenant in Capt Joseph Entons company, Colonel Samuel Johnsons regiment Aug 5 1777 to Dec 12 1777. The concept was particularly important in relation to the promotion of commissioned officers. The accumulated militia surrounded the city of Boston, beginning the Siege of Boston. Though considered unreliable by American military leaders and modern-day historians, militias played a very important role for the Americans in the war. 1775 (Lexington) to headquarters at Cambridge, fourteen days; also Private on a Pay roll, dated 13 Jan. 1776, of Capt. regt. Captain, One of the biggest mysteries of April 19, 1775, is who fired the first shot at Lexington. The British lost 226 killed and 828 wounded for a total of 1,054 or nearly fifty percent of the 2,300 British soldiers engaged. By Heaven, I hope I shall die up to my knees in blood! He fought in the redoubt until out of ammunition, and remained until the British made their third and final assault on the hill to give time for the militia to escape. The Minuteman Project is a 2004 organization that opposes Mexican immigration to US. He was a Deputy to the Connecticut General Assembly 176972. From 1629 to 1683, the towns had controlled themselves but in 1689, the King appointed governors. Family legend says Joseph, 9 yrs old, was awakened the night before by the sound of his father and other men running bullets and making cartridges for use in the anticipated battle., Several of Isaac ESTEYs grandsons marched on the alarm April 19 from Topsfield. Seth Richardson Roxbury Campaignn Source: A sketch of the history of Attleborough: from its settlement to the division By John Daggett 1894. The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Samuel Adams and John Hancock spent the night of April 19, 1775 with the Wymans. 12 Attleborough serving in the 9th campaign, known as the quot;quarter-draft or three months campaign, begun in Dec., 1776;also, Capt. In 1783 he was cited to appear before the State authorities to show cause whey his pension should not be discontinued. John COLEMAN(1744 Newbury, Mass 1823, Vassalboro, Maine)was a private in Captain John Walters Company, Colonel David Greens Regiment (2d Middlesex Co) which marched on the alarm of 19 Apr 1775 (Service 5 days Page 534 Mass Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War. The militia were outnumbered and fell back, and the regulars proceeded on to Concord, where they searched for the supplies. The term has also been applied to various later United States civilian paramilitary forces. On several occasions, the Crown authorities had issued muskets as recruitment tools, such as for the 1709 Quebec expedition and the 1710 Port Royal expedition. When 700 British Redcoats marched up to Lexington Green at dawn on that morning, the Lexington Minutemen were there to meet them. Thomas sons Christopher and Thomas French Jr. also served in the Revolutionary War. as an average., Pingback: SamuelDanforth | Miner Descent, Pingback: Favorite Posts 2012 | Miner Descent, Pingback: Genealogy and the 2nd Ammendment | Miner Descent, Pingback: Favorite Posts 2013 | Miner Descent. Minutemen were members of the organized New England colonial militia companies trained in weaponry, tactics, and military strategies during the American Revolutionary War. Some colonies purchased muskets, cartridge boxes, and bayonets from England, and maintained armories within the colony. Served in the Company commanded by Captain Christopher Woodbridge in the Massachusetts line: Fought and was wounded in the Battle of Bunker Hill: Applied for and received a pension in 1818; Widow Mercy applied and received pension in 1831; Edward HAZEN Jr.sgrandsonBenjamin Jewett (1724 Groton 1776 Ticonderoga, New York). In 1690, Colonel William Phips led 600 men to push back the French. Bliss company Col Patersons regiment reported commissioned May 3 1776. The company marched 69 strong all Hollis men, assigned to Col.William Prescott, making up roughly one-sixth of hisregiment. The nervous British soldiers fired a volley, killing seven and mortally wounding one of the retreating militiamen. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 56,000 acres in 25 states! Another mission was military training to prepare the provincial soldiers for combat and the nature of that combat. Many simply wore their own farmers' or workmen's clothes and, in some cases, they wore cloth hunting frocks. It was a very important battle to the early Americans so that they would finally win their freedom from Britain. The battles marked the outbreak of openarmed conflictbetween theKingdom of Great Britainand itsthirteen coloniesin the mainland ofBritish North America. During the Revolution, Fishkill New York was the site of a large supply depot. Benjamin was an Ensign, in Capt. Through the remainder of the Revolution, militias moved to adopting the minuteman model for rapid mobilization. Feb 1778 On Command at Fishkill . Widely accepted estimates include nearly 231,000 men served in the Continental Army, with the largest year being 1776. In our previous episode, Reuben marched his company from Holllis, NH to Lexington on the alarm April 19 and returned home.. Thirty-Nine of his privates returned home in the next few weeks, however Fifty-Three of them volunteered in various units to serve for Eight months. There are four instances of a Dow grandfatherm, father and son being in Revolutionary service at the same time,. Initially, the militia units took time to mold into Continental units. Many companies of about forty men each had only three or four men left, and casualties among the officers were well over fifty percent. The inspiration for their namesake comes from the requirement to be ready "at a minute's notice" to defend any settlement in danger.. Acting Captain: Lt. Simon Hunt Number and names of men unknown Concord, Ma. while at Trenton Dec. 31, 1776, and Jan. 1, 1777; Also, Capt. ; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enlisted May 8, 1775; service, 3 mos. By Rob Orrison , Emerging Revolutionary War Era. Henry Haskells Co., Col. Prescotts Regt., mileage to and from headquarters, seventy miles; also Fifer, Capt. Jacob Gerrishs Company, Col. Moses Littles Essex County Regiment. Thomas Jones. Later he was stationed at Peekskill NY, and participated in the Battle of Saratoga. Also, Capt. The wilderness terrain that lay just beyond many colonial towns favored this style of combat and was very familiar to the local militia. James Clarks Company, 1775, to march to Boston, where they were at the Battle of Bunker Hill. Since 1969, the holiday has been observed on the third Monday in April, providing a three-daylong weekend. Stephen Richardsons 4th (2d Attleborough) co., Col. Daggetts regt. Capt. Here the fighting became hand to hand and brutal. Among the reinforcements wereJoseph Warren, the popular young leader of the Massachusetts Committee of Safety, andSeth Pomeroy, an aging Massachusetts militia leader. Send Students on School Field Trips to Battlefields Your Gift Tripled! Balcom, Daniel, Attleborough.Private, Capt. As the war progressed, both sides spent a lot less time getting testimonies from those involved in battles. He was a Lieutenant in the Rev. As Captain, he marched to Fort Ticonderoga and thence to Fort Edwards to join forces againstBurgoyne. As a precaution, these items were often hidden or left behind by minutemen in fields or wooded areas. The 1st battalion was sent toNova Scotiaand the 2nd to the newly builtFort William Henry. Edward HAZEN Jr.sgrandson-in-lawJonathan Foster (1719 in Shrewsbury 1821 in Cortland, New York), Jonathan enlisted in 1775; Pvt. ; list of men serving in the 10th campaign, known as the quarter or three months campaign at Howlands Ferry in 1776 and 1777. Fact #10: The fighting on April 19, 1775, is one of the best documented battles of the American Revolution. TheBattles of Lexington and Concordwere the first military engagements of theAmerican Revolutionary War. Not long after Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescottthe sons of libertysounded the alarm, the minutemen of Middlesex prepared for battle. Alexander Fosters co., Col. Isaac Deans regt. Nearly 130 colonial militiamen and Regulars were killed on April 19, 1775. The most famous minutemen were those who figured in the battles at Lexington and Concord, though minutemen militias were organized in other New England colonies as well. He enlisted, 15 Feb 1775, in Capt. Only a few of the militia were known to have returned fire. However, during the confrontation shots were fired. An illustration of minute-men engaged at the Battle of Lexington. Elijah Bolkcom also served in Captain Stephen Richardsons Company, second in Fourth Regiment in the Second Campaign for Cambridge and in what was called The Six Week Campaign in Roxbury, Masschusetts both in 1775. For all the benefits of a militia force, George Washington knew for the United States to gain its independence and to create a truly nation state, a nationalized standing army needed to be created. The4th Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regimentwas commanded by Colonel Theophilus Cotton, ofPlymouth,who served as colonel until the end of the year. Minutemen tended to get more training in line tactics and drill than the regular militia. Mrs. Brown with her slave Titus followed the regiment to Cambridge. The British had to march through Lexington in order to get toConcordand take the military artillery. The expedition took heavy losses: two towns were raided, and one 80-man company was killed entirely, including their commander. He served as Continental Army as surgeon in Colonel Thomas Nixons6th Massachusetts regiment. Reuben entered theHollis, New Hampshire militia and was its 1st Lieut. Minutemen. Because Prescotts men thought they would be relieved after the breastworks were completed, they took only their entrancing tools, a minimum supply of ammunition, and almost no food or water. Muskets were usually shipped to Crown authorities where they became provincial arms and then sold to the towns or individuals who would pay for them as only the wealthy few could purchase arms directly from arms manufacturers. ; service between July 1 and Dec. 31, 1775, 5 mos. Joseph Hammonds Company which responded to the Lexington Alarm, April 1775; also in Capt. The accumulated militias blockaded the narrow land accesses to Charlestown and Boston, starting theSiege of Boston. The first shots were fired just as the sun was rising at Lexington. 12) company, Col. John Daggetts regiment. Don't fire unless fired upon. They were known for being ready at a minute's notice, hence the name. Harassed for miles, British soldiers began to go house to house clearing families from the buildings along the road. In May, 1778, a rate of one hundred and twenty pounds was assessed to defray the charges of clothing for the Topsfield soldiers in the continental army. He was chosen Captain by election 8th company, 2nd Berkshire Regiment May 4, 1776. and fought at the Battle of Bennington Aug 1777. It was militia that met the British Regulars on the early morning of April 19, 1775. Hutchinson, the Royal Governor, had ignored him, but as tensions mounted, that tactic became less effective. Francis BROWN IIsson Capt. In 1927, the homestead with all its Revolutionary reliecs was owned by Charles Jeremiah Bell (bcdeabeaa). The British officers were proven wrong. This then forced a strategic defeat on Colonel Smith, forcing him back to Boston. In response to the success of the Wampanoags, in the spring of 1676 an alarm system of riders and signals was formed in which each town was required to participate. Nathan Watkins Company of minute men which which marched Apr 22 1775, in response to the alarm of Apr 19 1775 He was also in Capt. Dismissed April 23, 1775. According to many, there was a shot heard round the world that signified the beginning of the Revolutionary War. Ten Facts: The Battles of Lexington and Concord. The patriots leader, Captain John Parker, was courageous and fought with his men until the end. Oliver Dow (1736 Salem, NH- 1824, Waterville, Maine); Oliver held a Lieutenancy in the Revolutionary War; and later reenlisted as a private. Dudley served as a lieutenant during the entire War of the Revolution, but is said to have failed to receive a pension by leaving the camp at White Plains previous to the formalities of a discharge, though his duties as a soldier were at an end. Many in the Continental Congress such as John Adams called for the nationalization of the military forces around Boston. The Continental Army regulars received European-style military training later in the American Revolutionary War, but the militias did not get much of this. Evan was a private under his father at Bunker Hill. Benjamin Adams (1747 in Georgetown 1812 Georgetown)was a private in Captain John Bricketts company which marched on the alarm on Apr 20, 1775 in response to the alarm of Apr 19 to Cambridge service 4 days. In May of 1774, Hutchinson was relieved by General Thomas Gage, the new Governor of Massachusetts, who arrived with orders to close the port of Boston. Thomas Brown (1745 Newbury 1803 Essex, Mass). Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote of one of the many events that led to the American Revolution. ; pay abstracts for Jan.-May, 1776;also, pay abstract for June, 1776, dated New York; Also, account of guns returned by persons in the 26th regt. Quickly military and political leaders realized they would need more units and authorized more units including cavalry and artillery. [Gage, History of Rowley, p. The British were forced to abandon ship. A month after the battle, General George Washington put the American losses at 115 killed, 305 wounded and 30 missing, for a total of 450, out of the 1,500 who were actually engaged.  The Minute Man statue is still the symbol of the National Guard, featured prominently on its seals. When British commanders planned for their campaigns against the Continental armies in the field, they had to take in account the size of the militia forces operating in those same geographic areas. Militias were the main colonial military organization for defense, but they were only part-time and very nonstandardized or professional. John Bakers co., Col. Moses Littles (17th) regt. The British were rapidly outnumbered at Concord, with the arrival of the slower moving militia; they had not counted on a long fight, and so had not brought additional ammunition beyond the standard issue in the soldiers' cartridge boxes. This feeble response served to encourage the Indians, and attacks increased on the settlers in the Connecticut Valley. But, really, Cuff Trot was a slave.not a paid servantcall a spade a spade and a slave a slave ! Conclusion: British Victory. It was on the farm of David Brown,just west of the North Bridge that mixed companies of militia and minutemen gathered under arms and orders to confront British Regulars at the North Bridge. Washington once visited the Yellow Springs Hospital and stopped to exchange a few words with each patient. The Minutemen came into their own at the battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775, a date now commemorated in Massachusetts and Maine as Patriots' Day. Moses Knapps company, Col. Joseph Reads regiment; company return dated Roxbury, Sept. 25, 1775; also, order for bounty coat dated Camp at Roxbury, Nov. 21, 1775; also, Corporal, Capt. Some work was performed on Bunker Hill, but Breeds Hill was closer to Boston and viewed as being more defensible. In commemoration of the centenary of the first engagement of the American Revolution, Daniel Chester French, in his first major commission, produced one of his best-known statues (along with the Lincoln Memorial), The Minute Man. According to town legend, the march to Cambridge was not only long but hot, and they stopped to quench their thirst at a tavern in the Billerica area, where they may have stayed for a few days. The militia in New England was still midway through the process of splitting the Minutemen companies from the regular militia companies into their own regiments by the spring of 1775. But, with the coming of daylight the surprised British opened a heavy barrage from Copps Hill in Boston and from four warships anchored in the Charles River, less then a mile away. In the fighting in this stretch, nearly 25 colonists and 40 British regulars were killed, half the days death count. During theFrench and Indian WarColonelMeserve led theNew Hampshire Provincial Regimentin 1756 toFort EdwardNew York. New York: Hill and Wang. Paul Revere did not ride through the countryside shouting The British are coming.. Return of men in camp at Cambridge dated May 17, 1775; Disbanded December 31, 1775. This instigated a boycott in 1774 of British goods. Not only did the Minutemen have political awareness of events in New England, but also of those occurring in Europe, such as Britain's lack of allies. Aaron Jewetts Co., Col. Samuel Bullards Regiment, enlisted 15 Aug. 1777, discharged 29 Nov. 1777; this company marched to Saratoga. Sayre School is one step closer to being able to expand its sports fields. Militia, Minutemen, and Continentals: The American Military Force in the American Revolution. On May 25th Prescotts company captains, to make sure that there would be no change of command, certified in writing to the Honorable Congress of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay now sitting in Watertown that they were well contented with their officers.. Gen. Burgoynes amry. Seth Clarks co., Barnstable Co. 8 days. Lexington Battle Town: Commanding Militia: Officers: Battle Accounts Location: Muster List Acton,Mass. The next entry states "January 20th 1775 this was the first time that the minute men meet"; the names of volunteers who failed to report are carefully recorded. The fighting along the Battle Road grew bloody as the Regulars marched from Concord towards Lexington and back to Boston. As war broke out between the colonies and Great Britain, the colonies were forced to adjust and evolve their military establishments. The militia left the area, and the British moved on. The Battles of Lexington and Concord, fought on April 19, 1775, kicked off the American Revolutionary War (1775-83). The depot supplied the northern department of the Continental Army, who were responsible for securing the Highlands and keeping the British from moving north of New York City. ; this house stood on the south side of the Burlington Mall parking lot.  Members of the minutemen, in contrast to the regular militia, were no more than 30 years old, and were chosen for their enthusiasm, political reliability, and strength. Neither Captain Parker nor Major Pitcairn had intended to fire. Lexington's Baden Forup and Brayden Fogle were first team selections along with Mansfield Senior's Kyevi Roane and Madison's Jayden Jeffries. Private in Captain Alexander Fosters Company, Colonel John Daggetts Regiment marching to Bristol Rhode Island on the alarm Dec 8, 1776. The events of April 19, 1775 were a culmination of many altercations between local militia and British Regular soldiers. Dows Company began as the Hollis, NH Militia Company. This move would not have been without risks of its own, as the colonists could have made holding the Neck expensive with fire from the high ground in Cambridge. These, together with similar contingents from the other twelve states, formed the Continental Line. Nehemiah Jewett from Ipswich served three days in Capt. But the bloodiest and fiercest fighting took place in Menotomy (modern-day Arlington) along modern-day Massachusetts Avenue. Weeks elapsed between the incidents that caused the march and the arrival of Endecott's men in the area. When the British troops entered Lexington on the morning of April 19, they found about 80 minutemen formed up on the village common. ; service, 21 days; company stationed at Tiverton Oct. 7, 1777. This FREE annual event brings together educators from all over the world for sessions, lectures, and tours from leading experts. Continental units continued to prove their mettle in battle throughout the war. On April 19, 1775 the two companies of the Topsfield Militia left their plows in midfurrow and galloped off to Lexington and Concord to help drive the Redcoats back to Boston. Few dispersed, and none of them laid down their weapons. He immediadately left his plough, ran to the house, took his gun and powder horn [the horn was in possession of Thomas L Hazen in 1897] and said to his wife Betty, you take care of the children and the cattle! By the next morning, Boston was surroundedby a huge militia army, numbering over 15,000, which had marched from throughout New England. Removed with his father to Gageborough (afterwards Windsor) He was 1st Lieutenant. 27 days. Listing badly, her guns no longer could be brought to bear. When the French and Indians raided Massachusetts in 1702, Governor Phips created a bounty which paid 10 shillings each for the scalps of Indians. A colorful, story-telling overview of the American Revolutionary War, Paul Reveresride preceded the Battle of Lexington. Not many years since, it was a current report in Lexington, that Hancock, in gratitude to Mrs. Wyman for her kindness to him and Adams at her house, in their flight for fear of the British, made a present to her of a cow. The Day being Spent, a Motion was made for said Meeting to be adjourned to the next Morning,9 oclock; the Question was put and passed in the Affirmative and accordingly said Meeting was adjourned to said Time. He died, however, in the almshouse. Lexington Minute Men M-Z Abner Meade Nathaniel Mulliken Ebenezer Munroe Jr. Edmund Munroe Nathan Munroe Stephen Munroe Isaac Muzzy Jonas Parker Sr Jonas Parker Jr Nathaniel Parkhurst Solomon Peirce Asahel Porter Joshua Reed Sr. and Joshua Reed Jr. Elijah Sanderson Samuel Sanderson John Smith Phineas Stearns John Tidd Samuel Tidd Joel Viles This brought many more citizens to Samuel Adams's side, and he pressed the Committees of Correspondence to hold County Conventions to revamp the militia. Note that Seths service started 8 days later on Apr 27. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1897. In August 1636, the first offensive military attack by militias failed when Massachusetts dispatched John Endecott with four companies on an unsuccessful campaign against the Pequot Indians. ; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enlisted April 28, 1775; service, 3 mos. They eventually reached Cambridge where they camped overnight awaiting further instructions. Early the next morning, the British reached Lexington, where approximately 70 minutemen had gathered on the village green. They wanted to be a free country and they would fight for it, which proved to be necessary in the end. The school got through its most recent hurdle when the Urban County Planning Commission voted in . The events have mostly been forgotten today. Daniel Emerson, Col. Moses, Nichols, mustered out Aug 1778 and we know of no other Oliver. Also, Washington had to deal with the politics of commanding officers, soldiers from a certain colony tended to want officers from their same colony. Most militias would muster and train in town and county centers, usually on court days. His body was stripped of clothing and he was bayoneted until unrecognizable, and then shoved into a shallow ditch. For the Common Defense: A Military History of the United States from 1607 to 2012 By: Allan R. Millett, Peter Maslowski, William B. Feis. Thomas later became First Lieutenant under Capt. March 19, 1776, he was chosen a member of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection, and Safety. May 22, 1776, he waschosen one of a committee of five to prepare instructions to therepresentative of Attleboro, Capt. The British soldiers, probably without orders, then opened fire on the Americans. With Steubens effort and Washingtons determination to create a professional army, Continental soldiers proved to be quite effective and regularly stood up to the British army as the war progressed. Their teams constituted about a quarter of the entire militia. The royal authorities inadvertently gave the new Minuteman mobilization plans validation by several "show the flag" demonstrations by General Gage through 1774. With this rapid mustering of forces, the militia proved its value by augmenting the Continental Army on a temporary basis, occasionally leading to instances of numerical superiority. As the British marched from Boston to confiscate munitions at Concord, the town of Lexington, Massachusetts would see the first shots and battle of the Revolutionary War.Listen my children and you shall hearOf the midnight ride of Paul RevereOn the 18th of April in Seventy-FiveHardly a man is now aliveWho remembers that famous day and year. The militia in the New England colonies were organized in regiments county. is kim mulkey still married to randy robertson, nanette krentel husband, Various later United states civilian paramilitary forces instructions to therepresentative of Attleboro, Capt the. Time to mold into Continental units first shot at Lexington Smiths expedition names of minutemen at lexington rescued by reinforcements GeneralHugh! Against the wishes of General Putnam and Colonel William Prescott, who served as Colonel until end... Bay Provincial Regimentwas commanded by Colonel Theophilus Cotton, ofPlymouth, who requested that he as... 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